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Friday, 14 July, 2000, 15:15 GMT 16:15 UK
Aids spreads in China
Condom poster
China has only just begun tackling Aids education
By Beijing correspondent Rupert Wingfield-Hayes

There are growing signs that HIV infection rates in China are increasingly rapidly, and many specialists are now warning that the country is on the verge of a major epidemic.

Some predict there could be 10 million people infected by the HIV virus within the next five years.

But Aids sufferers in China face widespread prejudice, and government efforts to educate the public about the dangers of HIV have barely begun.

Aids ribbon symbol
There is a lot of prejudice against Aids victims
In a ramshackle group of whitewashed buildings hidden behind the mortuary at Beijing's You An hospital, Doctor Zhang and his small group of nurses run one of China's handful of Aids clinics.

The clinic has beds for only six patients. In the sweltering summer heat, the tiny unairconditioned rooms are suffocating; and yet, for China's Aids sufferers, this is a haven of care and a refuge from a society that would prefer to believe they did not exist.

People think the kind of work I do is terrifying

Doctor Zhang, Aids expert
In one tiny room, a man and woman sit chatting on a bed. Their spirits seem high. But their bodies tell a different story.

The woman is painfully thin, her arms covered in the tell-tale lesions of Aids.

She can accept that she is dying, she tells me - what hurts most is the prejudice of other people.

"This is not any ordinary type of prejudice, it's much worse," she says.

"If anyone finds out, they won't dare to come near me. I can't even tell my friends and relatives; and its not just me - if they find out, people will look down on my whole family."


That prejudice, Doctor Zhang says, is hurting China's ability to deal with a growing Aids crisis.

Chinese students
Most students to do not receive sex education
"In the whole of China, there are perhaps only five doctors like me working on HIV," he says.

"I even find myself discriminated against. Even in this hospital, people don't understand - they think the kind of work I do is terrifying."

Aids is a problem China can no longer afford to ignore.

This year, the estimated number of HIV carriers in China will pass one million. Some doctors - call them pessimistic or realistic - reckon in five years, the number will be 10 million.

Sex centre

Today in China, there may be as many as 10 million women working in the sex industry. Yet few know anything about HIV or how to protect themselves against it.

Sex bar sign
Up to 10m women work in China's sex industry
Last week, China's first sex education centre opened its doors to teenagers in Beijing.

Sex specialists like Professor Xu Tianmin of Beijing University used the opportunity to make a blunt wake-up call.

"We cannot delay any longer," he says. "We cannot continue to ignore the reality of the situation.

"People say in China that you can do anything as long as you don't tell anyone about it.

"But all that means is no one wants to admit the reality of what's going on. This is very dangerous."


But so far, this is the only sex education centre in the whole of China.

Even in big cities like Beijing and Shanghai, more than 50% of high school students still receive no sex education whatsoever.

Attempts to use the mass media have also run up against a bizarre official prudishness.

A television ad promoting the use of condoms was taken off air after just two days because the authorities said it violated a ban on advertising sexual products.

Aids is burrowing its way into China's population.

A lethal combination of ignorance and prejudice means virtually nothing is being done to stop it.

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See also:

05 Apr 00 | Asia-Pacific
China Aids warning
15 Jun 00 | Asia-Pacific
Aids explodes on trafficking routes
05 Mar 00 | Asia-Pacific
Aids campaign targets Asian men
02 Dec 99 | Health
China bans condom advert
04 Nov 99 | Aids
Aids up close
20 Feb 00 | Health
Gene therapy 'advance' for Aids
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